The skeletal system, also called the skeleton consists of bones and joints within our precious human body. It is a solid structure for the whole body that allows movement, protect organs and soft tissues, produce stem cells and store minerals.
The skeleton is a solid crystal-like structure able to convert vibrational energy into electromagnetic and electric energy that affect the whole body.
It can be divided into two parts:
- The axial skeleton: it includes the skull, vertebral column, sternum and ribs. It is literally at the core of our body and protects and support the vital organs within it, such as the heart, lungs and brain
- The appendicular skeleton includes the bones and joints of the arms, including wrists, hands and fingers, as well as the one the legs, including ankles, feet and toes. It also include the shoulder and the pelvic girdles. This part of the skeleton supports our limbs and connects them with the core (the axial skeleton) of the body
There are 206 bones in the body and they are classified in three categories, but first of all... what is a bone?.
Well, bone is a living tissue formed by very metabolically active bone cells called osteoclasts and osteoblasts: the former is involved in the breakdown (reabsorption) of bone, while the latter allows for its formation. A coordinated function of the two establish correct bone remodelling that creates the perfect environment for healthy bones and the regulation of mineral levels especially calcium and phosphorus.
The closer to its surface, the more compact the bone is and it may contain a central cavity called marrow where blood cells are produces and fats are stored. There are two main types of bone tissue:
- Compact: it looks like a solid structure, but when observed under a microscope it does resemble a honeycomb (with holes). Passageways, called Harvesian canals, containing blood vessels, lymph capillaries and nerves run through the tissue. Compact bone is found on the outside of most bones and in the shaft of long bones
- Cancellous: this type of bone tissue looks like a sponge and is found at the end of long bones and in irregular and sesamoid bones. Bone marrow only exist within the cancellous bone.
All bones contain both type of tissues , but the amount varies depending on the type of bone.
Bones are classified as:
- Long bones: the body's levers, which allows for greater movements especially in the limbs. Examples of long bones are the clavicle, humerus, tibia and phalanges
- Short bones: strong and compact, grouped in the body where little movement is required. Examples of short bones are the carpals and tarsals
- Flat bones: this are protective bones with large flat surfaces for muscle attachment. Examples of flat bones are the ribs, the scapula and the frontal
The area where two or more bones meet is called a joint or articulation: three different types exist:
- Freely movable, synovial joint that contain hyaline cartilage, a joint capsule, synovial membrane and synovial fluid. Some can also contain bursae, fat pads and/or ligaments blending with the capsule. The degree of movement they offer depend if it is a ball and socket joint, or a hinge joint, a gliding, pivot, or a saddle one.
- The slightly movable or cartilaginous joints move by compression of the cartilage and they are made of white fibrocartilage between the bones. These joints are found for example in the spine.
- Fixed or fibrous joint provide no movement and contain fibrous tissue at the end of the joint, like the sutures in the skull and the innominate bone (pelvic girdle).
The relationship between the digestive system and the skeleton:
In order to chew the food we use many facial bones like the mandible and tiny bone structures in the mouth called teeth. Also, the single U-shaped hyoid bone at the root of the tongue and just above the larynx, stabilises several sets of muscles used in swallowing.
Many nutrients from the food you eat are used for bone production and maintain such as calcium and phosphorus and the internal abdomen is protected by the pelvis.
The nerves in the thoracic region of the spine control digestion and if the thoracic vertebrae are out of alignment, these nerves become irritated by the pressure caused by the misalignment and send erratic impulses to the stomach and intestine which can cause digestive discomfort.
- A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids support bone health and lower inflammation on the joints: best sources are fresh milled or pre-soaked flaxseeds, chia seeds and walnuts. You can supplement with a DHA and EPA, but make sure you get enough short-chain ALA from your diet anyway, as you need to maintain the correct ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 for this benefits to occur.
- Good sources of alkaline proteins are key for a healthy skeletal system: great sources are spirulina, chlorella, Klamath algae, hemp seeds, nuts and seeds, and/or a plant-based protein powder.
- Plenty of dark-leafy green vegetables, nuts and seeds for their astonishing and balanced mineral and vitamin content.
- Food rich in Vitamin C, zinc and MSM for collagen production and cartilage health.
- Vitamin D, vitamin K, phosphorus and dietary protein allows proper calcium assimilation and utilisation.
Food for the skeletal and muscular system system
Water, magnesium rich foods, spinach, avocados, cacao, bananas, millet, quinoa, lentils, almonds, sea vegetables, raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, cranberries, blackberries, acai, oats, MSM, broccoli, cauliflower, radishes, garlic, white and red cabbage, onions, green tea, peaches, cherries, papaya, cayenne, spirulina, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, pineapple, oranges, kale, Brussel sprouts, cashews, sunflower seeds, chickpeas, lentils, beetroot, parsley and echinacea